Summaries are a help in the study that should not be underestimated. But they require writing and reading skills. Of course you have already learned at school time to write summary. To reproduce a scientific text in your own words or to summarize a whole module is a completely different challenge.
Here you need summaries
Scripts, books and lectures accompany your studies. Your knowledge increases and with it your ability to draw your own conclusions and formulate your own questions. For this it is important to draw a résumé again and again. It helps summaries that are your personal state of affairs to your knowledge. Therefore take time at regular intervals to gather your knowledge and insights. Cite the doctrines and link to the sources to understand your thoughts after a long time.
Summaries for exam preparation
When you prepare for exams or oral exams, your summaries are especially helpful. Since you understood the background, you are now required to read abstracts from past lectures. To check your level of knowledge, you can re-write a summary before the exam date and later compare it with your notes to deepen your knowledge. The facts are anchored in your long-term memory and remain safely accessible.
Understand better by summarizing
Sometimes scientific texts are hard to understand despite their expertise. Summaries can help in understanding. Surely you know the situation that after reading it several times you think you have understood the content of the text. But if this is the case, you will only know if you were able to reproduce the statements in your own words. With a summary you can check that. Divide very demanding texts into sections. You now have two options for the procedure.
Write parallel to reading what you think you have understood.
The second variant is that you write down notes that you later connect to a text.
You can use mindmaps to make the statements clearer. Train both approaches. Both ways mean that you have to write your summary several times. While this is labor intensive, it will help you to understand complex content. End always with a well-formed summary. If the author uses very long sentences that make it difficult to understand, make the sentences one by one. Write them down in short sentences until they become clearer.
Create your own research material
Create your own folder with your summaries at an early stage, so you have the material together for your later exams. Distinguish summaries of lectures and seminars from those related to texts. Be particularly meticulous in summaries of lectures and read your words again after the shortest possible time again critical. A few days later, your short-term memory can still help if gaps in reading or incomprehensible connections become apparent when reading. Later, it becomes difficult to understand the actual statements. Make connections to other summaries. The talk will focus on a topic that you are already dealing with elsewhere or will deal with in the future. Identify crucial points in your summary. Later you can assign them. This will be easier if you use subheadings that contain the core messages.
Connect your summaries!
Work with phrases and put your contributions together. In order for you to succeed, you should mark important insights and questions. Also, marginal notes or comments can help you. So you can find them faster and you can paste them into other posts as needed. Work with sentence links, so that the connection is fluid and the train of thought becomes clear. These typesetting connections can:
Clearly, the z. B. by the bridge used. This makes it clear whether one statement presupposes something else, causes something, follows something else, does something, leads to something, opposes or even results. Be familiar with these sentence links on a regular basis. You will be involved in this throughout your studies.
Make sure that your written language differs significantly from the spoken language. Avoid filler words and be as concise as possible without being inaccurate. Always work with complete sentences and avoid nesting sets. More than 20 words should not have a sentence. Try to express yourself as precisely as possible and avoid expressions from the vernacular. Here are some examples of what your summary might look like.